Since the fall of international crude oil prices in 2014, the “gas-to-oil” promotion of the LNG market has set aside the historical stage. After two years of downturns in China’s LNG and LNG transportation and LNG equipment markets, the wave of “coal to gas” has finally Found a new battlefield.
The first half of 2017 has ended. We use the data to see how “coal to gas” has affected this market.
1, the price
The prosperity of “coal-to-gas equipment” has supported the market price in 2017. Relevant statistics show that the LNG ex-factory price in the first half of 2017 has increased by 250-300 yuan/ton over the same period of the previous year. The profit rate reached the highest in nearly two years.
In the context of the rapid development of coal-to-gas equipment, the LNG equipment market has turned into a boom in the off-season, and the traditional peak season of the 2017-2018 heating period has become full of delusions. Due to the lack of peaking stocks in the market, there are already cities that have managed to deal with unpredictable traditional peak seasons by purchasing small tanks.
2. LNG factory profit
In the first half of the year, the gas source cost of the LNG plant remained stable compared to the off-season last year, and the increase in the ex-factory price of the factory directly led to an increase in the processing profit of the manufacturers. Taking the Inner Mongolia factory as an example, the relevant data estimates that the average processing profit of the factory in the first half of the year was 167.5 yuan / ton, an increase of nearly 600% over the same period last year. The development of “coal-to-gas equipment” has helped the LNG plant to basically get rid of the gloom of losses.
The improvement of factory processing profit has promoted the resumption of work or increase in production of inland factories including Hanas, Zhongyuan Green Energy Phase II, Inner Mongolia Xingsheng and Ningxia Hongxing, and the LNG market operating rate has increased significantly.
According to relevant statistics, the average operating rate of LNG plants in the first half of the year reached 45%, with a maximum of 52%. It is 18 months since the last market start to reach 50%.
The increase in operating rate directly drives the increase in production in the LNG market.
In the first five months of 2017, the output of LNG reached 3.21 million tons, an increase of 41.3% from the previous month.
4. Market volume expansion
However, from the perspective of domestic gas, the supply in the first half of this year increased by 936,000 tons compared with the same period of last year.
The increase in market supply means that the trade volume of the LNG market is expanding. More cars, more people, more companies and more funds have entered the industry. The new faces of new friends around us are also growing. The more you come.
5. Transportation industry
The expansion of market trade has also spawned more demand for LNG transport tankers.
According to relevant statistics, in the first half of 2017, the order volume of LNG transport tank trucks approached the 2016 tanker order volume.
According to past experience, the orders for LNG transport tankers in the second half of the year often surpassed the first half of the year, and the current delivery of LNG transport tanker orders is less than 40%. Therefore, we expect that there will be a large number of new LNG transport tankers in the second half of the year. To the LNG market.
6. Downstream usage expansion
From the downstream, the most obvious increase in LNG coal-to-gas equipment from 2016 to the present is in the Central China region, which is dominated by Henan, followed by the northwestern region dominated by Shaanxi. In the above two regions, the increase is more obvious because the previous usage base is lower.
The increase in North China, mainly in East China and Hebei Province, which is dominated by Shandong and Jiangsu, is closely followed.
The LNG dosage base in Guangdong Province is large, the users are mature and stable, and the increment is relatively low.
Affected by the heavy rains in northern Shaanxi, domestic LNG prices rose slightly yesterday. Users in need should be prepared in advance to prevent the supply of gas from being tight.
In North China, affected by the price increase of Tianjin receiving station in July, Hebei Wing and Yiweida increased by 30 yuan/ton.
On the 26th, the sudden rainstorm in Shaanxi Yulin was located in the Changqingzizhou gas field in Zizhou and Suide. Due to the heavy rain, 18 gas gathering stations and one natural gas processing plant have all been shut down for emergency shutdown. Zizhou, Mizhi, Dingbian, Yanchi, Tianlifeng and other factories are restricted to varying degrees. Shaanxi Yanchang Petroleum is located in southern Shaanxi, and transportation has not been affected. Many downstream customers temporarily moved to southern Shaanxi, North China and Central China. In the region, Shaanxi Yanchang Oil raised 50 yuan/ton yesterday.
Affected by the torrential rain, supply in northern Shaanxi is limited, and some domestic factories are tightening. Guoxin Shouyang plans to raise 50 yuan/ton today. Houma Yitong plans to raise 30 yuan/ton today, and Boai Three Gorges plans to raise 100 yuan/ton. Some coalbed methane plants in Shanxi plan to raise prices today.
The above prices are listed LNG prices for each liquid factory and are for reference only. Please prevail in practice!
The vehicle's lng cylinder is fully assembled and can be divided into seven main parts: inner container, outer casing, heat insulation layer, support device, liquid addition system, pressurization system and vaporization system. It realizes storage, transportation, liquid supply and gas supply. Features.
The Lng cylinder consists of a bladder and a casing.
The inner tank is used for storing liquid natural gas, and is welded by a straight cylinder and a standard elliptical head of EHA to form a closed pressure chamber, and the structural material is stainless steel.
The outer shell is used to provide a vacuum chamber for vacuum insulation. The outer shell is welded by a straight cylinder and a THA standard disc-shaped head. The structural material is stainless steel. Due to the presence of the vacuum, the outer casing is externally pressed and the outer casing and its support system can withstand the various forces transmitted by the vehicle.
The outer wall of the liner and the inner wall of the outer casing form a closed vacuum chamber. The car lng gas cylinder is insulated by high-vacuum multi-layer winding. The vacuum chamber is filled with a plurality of layers of heat insulating material and a reflective aluminum foil, and the heat insulating material and the aluminum foil are alternately wrapped around the outer wall of the inner liner. The insulation material and aluminum foil interact with the vacuum to form an efficient insulation system.
Two safety valves are used for overpressure protection of lng cylinders. First opened is the main safety valve, which is designed to safely release the pressure increase of the inner container due to normal heat leakage (heat leakage through the insulation and the support system). The second is an auxiliary safety valve with a higher discharge pressure. It is designed to provide a second protection to the inner container when the main safety valve fails or is blocked. The two protections are designed to ensure the safe use of lng cylinders.
The housing is provided with an explosion-proof device for the housing. In the event of a LNG leak in the liner, the outer casing will be subjected to internal pressure. The purpose of the outer casing explosion-proof device is to limit the internal pressure of the casing to a set safety level in the event of a leak in the casing. In order to simplify the structure, the explosion-proof device of the casing is combined with the vacuum plug to design a component through which vacuuming and vacuum sealing are realized, and as the explosion-proof device of the casing, when the internal pressure of the casing is exceeded, the plug on the component will be Turn on the pressure relief.
The support system is two saddle-shaped supports, one of which is longitudinally fixed (solid end), and the mounting hole on the base of the support is a circular hole. The other is a longitudinally slidable (sliding end), and the mounting hole on the bottom plate of the support is a waist-shaped hole, which is favorable for compensation of thermal expansion and contraction. The piping, instruments and valves are placed at the solid end and protected by a protective ring.
On August 7, 2017, Zhu Fu, Secretary of Zhucheng Municipal Party Committee led the municipal leadership team to Shandong AUYAN New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. for research and guidance, and Mr. Su Wei, Chairman of AUYAN Group Company, accompanied him.
The research team visited the Ouyang gas cylinder factory assembly line and listened to the current report on the production capacity and output of the AUYAN gas cylinders, conducted on-the-spot inquiries on relevant issues, and asked the enterprises about the difficulties and problems in the construction process.
When visiting the on-board LNG cylinders, industrial dewars, and the “barrel of life” process used by the medical research and development, production and manufacture of AUYAN Technology, Mr. Sang fully affirmed that AUYAN Technology has been in LNG in recent years. The achievements in energy equipment can develop and create products with enterprise characteristics. I hope that AUYAN Technology will formulate a scientific industrial development plan in the future development, and clearly define the main direction, so as to highlight its own characteristics and create products with industry characteristics. .
At the same time, Sang Shuji encourages Aoyang Science and Technology to adhere to the drive of innovation, put innovation at the core of manufacturing development, do it hard, do it hard, strengthen independent innovation, accelerate technological transformation and expansion, optimize product structure, and continuously improve product technology content. And quality, to achieve industrial upgrading, enterprise transformation and upgrading, and further enlarge and strengthen the enterprise.
In recent years, through the adjustment of the industrial chain, the Orion Group has established a multi-disciplinary research and development team with complementary and professional collocation. And with Zhejiang University, Shandong University, the University of Tennessee, the European Fraunhofer Institute and other universities and research institutions have established a cooperative relationship, through industry, academia and research dedicated to the development of new technology and new materials and the transformation of LNG engineering applications, radiation surrounding The market and customers hope to provide more intimate services to local customers more efficiently. We also hope that more partners will cooperate with the Ouyang Group to achieve a win-win partnership.
Founded in June 2011, Shandong AUYAN New Energy Technology Co., Ltd. (“AUYAN Technology”) is a company specializing in cryogenic equipment manufacturing and full value chain operation services.
The company is mainly engaged in low-temperature equipment manufacturing (LNG gas cylinders, Dewar bottles, etc.), LNG gasification station construction, LNG equipment, LNG trade, LNG logistics supply, LNG heavy truck sales, and financial services and after-sales support. The demand for the value chain is the first enterprise in China to realize the organic combination of LNG full value chain operations.
The company currently develops and produces low-temperature equipment such as LNG cylinders for vehicles, welded insulated cylinders, biological tanks, LNG equipment, LNG gasification stations;
The company was rated as “Innovative Model Enterprise, High-Tech Enterprise”;
Has obtained A2, B4, GC2 production license qualifications;
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